XXXVII, No. 1, Pp. 1-89
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Authors: Qi Liu, Ren-Bo Wang, Jin-Hai Li, Hai-Tao Wang, Hai-Sheng Chen, and Bin Tang
Betatrons have the advantages of small size, lightweight, and simple operation. They are widely used in non-destructive testing, cargo, and vehicle safety inspection systems. Magnetic field distribution is an essential parameter of betatrons and has been investigated via experimental methods. Recently, simulations have been performed for the magnetic field distribution generated by different magnetic pole parameters. In this study, the finite element method is employed to simulate the magnetic field distribution. The effects of the different magnetic end face opening angles, pole protrusion sizes, number of central magnetic pads, and magnetic pole bottom width on the magnetic field distribution are simulated. Based on the simulation results, magnetic poles are developed, and the magnetic field distribution is measured by a gauss meter. The relative error of the measured and simulated equilibrium orbit is 2.1 %, and the relative error of the magnetic field decay index is 3.3 %. The magnetic field distribution can satisfy the essential conditions that the magnetic field at equilibrium orbit of the betatron is equal to half of the average magnetic field within equilibrium orbit and the magnetic field decay index is greater than 0 and less than 1. The results show that the finite element simulation method and established model have high reliability and effectively improve the design accuracy of magnetic poles.
Key words: betatron, magnetic field, magnetic pole, finite element
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